Features/Smartcard

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Smartcard support

Future smart card support will be based on:

  • A Bus:
    • CCID specification for USB Smart card reader device implemented as a ccid bus (-device usb-ccid)
  • Two devices (you can use either one)
    • passthru protocol to connect to remote computer carrying physical (or virtual) smartcard (-device ccid-card-passthru)
    • emulated card using NSS backend with certificates or real hardware on qemu running host (-device ccid-card-emulated)

This page is mainly about documention the protocol used for remote reader and card support.

The protocol header is libcacard/vscard_common.h.

VSCard protocol

A header/payload protocol between the ccid-card-passthru device and a remote client. The protocol is APDU oriented.

This page contains the header file in a form easy to extract, so this page can stay up to date with the source.

To create the include file you need to be logged in and capable of pressing edit on this page. After pressing edit select all, and then run:

xsel | gawk 'BEGIN { x=0 }; /^<pre>$/ { x+=1 }; /^<\/pre>$/ { x-=1; print ""; }; x==1 && ! /<pre>/ { print }' > libcacard/vscard_common.h

(would be nice to have a direct url accessible)

Preamble

/* Virtual Smart Card protocol definition
 *
 * This protocol is between a host using virtual smart card readers,
 * and a client providing the smart cards, perhaps by emulating them or by
 * access to real cards.
 *
 * Definitions for this protocol:
 *  Host   - user of the card
 *  Client - owner of the card
 *
 * The current implementation passes the raw APDU's from 7816 and additionally
 * contains messages to setup and teardown readers, handle insertion and
 * removal of cards, negotiate the protocol via capabilities and provide
 * for error responses.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2011 Red Hat.
 *
 * This code is licensed under the LGPL.
 */

#ifndef VSCARD_COMMON_H
#define VSCARD_COMMON_H

#include <stdint.h>

#define VERSION_MAJOR_BITS 11
#define VERSION_MIDDLE_BITS 11
#define VERSION_MINOR_BITS 10

#define MAKE_VERSION(major, middle, minor) \
     (  (major  << (VERSION_MINOR_BITS + VERSION_MIDDLE_BITS)) \
      | (middle <<  VERSION_MINOR_BITS) \
      | (minor)  )

/** IMPORTANT NOTE on VERSION
 *
 * The version below MUST be changed whenever a change in this file is made.
 *
 * The last digit, the minor, is for bug fix changes only.
 *
 * The middle digit is for backward / forward compatible changes, updates
 * to the existing messages, addition of fields.
 *
 * The major digit is for a breaking change of protocol, presumably
 * something that cannot be accomodated with the existing protocol.
 */

#define VSCARD_VERSION MAKE_VERSION(0,0,2)

Message Types

typedef enum {
    VSC_Init = 1,
    VSC_Error,
    VSC_ReaderAdd,
    VSC_ReaderRemove,
    VSC_ATR,
    VSC_CardRemove,
    VSC_APDU,
    VSC_Flush,
    VSC_FlushComplete
} VSCMsgType;

Error Codes

typedef enum {
    VSC_SUCCESS=0,
    VSC_GENERAL_ERROR=1,
    VSC_CANNOT_ADD_MORE_READERS,
    VSC_CARD_ALREAY_INSERTED,
} VSCErrorCode;

Reserved Reader ID numbers

#define VSCARD_UNDEFINED_READER_ID  0xffffffff
#define VSCARD_MINIMAL_READER_ID    0

Other Constants

#define VSCARD_MAGIC (*(uint32_t*)"VSCD")

Header struct

/* Header
 * Each message starts with the header.
 * type - message type
 * reader_id - used by messages that are reader specific
 * length - length of payload (not including header, i.e. zero for
 *  messages containing empty payloads)
 */
typedef struct VSCMsgHeader {
    uint32_t   type;
    uint32_t   reader_id;
    uint32_t   length;
    uint8_t    data[0];
} VSCMsgHeader;

Messages

Init

/* VSCMsgInit               Client <-> Host
 * Client sends it on connection, with its own capabilities.
 * Host replies with VSCMsgInit filling in its capabilities.
 *
 * It is not meant to be used for negotiation, i.e. sending more then
 * once from any side, but could be used for that in the future.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgInit {
    uint32_t   magic;
    uint32_t   version;
    uint32_t   capabilities[1]; /* receiver must check length,
                                   array may grow in the future */
} VSCMsgInit;

Error

/* VSCMsgError              Client <-> Host
 * This message is a response to any of:
 *  Reader Add
 *  Reader Remove
 *  Card Remove
 * If the operation was successful then VSC_SUCCESS
 * is returned, other wise a specific error code.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgError {
    uint32_t   code;
} VSCMsgError;

Reader Add

/* VSCMsgReaderAdd          Client -> Host
 * Host replies with allocated reader id in VSCMsgError with code==SUCCESS.
 *
 * name - name of the reader on client side, UTF-8 encoded. Only used
 *  for client presentation (may be translated to the device presented to the
 * guest), protocol wise only reader_id is important.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgReaderAdd {
    uint8_t    name[0];
} VSCMsgReaderAdd;

Reader Remove

/* VSCMsgReaderRemove       Client -> Host
 * The client's reader has been removed.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgReaderRemove {
} VSCMsgReaderRemove;

ATR

/* VSCMsgATR                Client -> Host
 * Answer to reset. Sent for card insertion or card reset. The reset/insertion
 * happens on the client side, they do not require any action from the host.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgATR {
    uint8_t     atr[0];
} VSCMsgATR;

Card Remove

/* VSCMsgCardRemove         Client -> Host
 * The client card has been removed.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgCardRemove {
} VSCMsgCardRemove;

APDU

/* VSCMsgAPDU               Client <-> Host
 * Main reason of existance. Transfer a single APDU in either direction.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgAPDU {
    uint8_t    data[0];
} VSCMsgAPDU;

Flush

/* VSCMsgFlush               Host -> Client
 * Request client to send a FlushComplete message when it is done
 * servicing all outstanding APDUs
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgFlush {
} VSCMsgFlush;

FlushComplete

/* VSCMsgFlush               Client -> Host
 * Client response to Flush after all APDUs have been processed and
 * responses sent.
 * */
typedef struct VSCMsgFlushComplete {
} VSCMsgFlushComplete;

Wrap

#endif // VSCARD_COMMON_H