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Hand-written wrappers for coroutine functions

  1. bdrv_pread/bdrv_pwrite have different calling convention than bdrv_co_pread/bdrv_co_pwrite [Alberto]
    • Fix using Coccinelle
    • Switch bdrv_pread/bdrv_pwrite to generated_co_wrapper
  2. Missing bdrv_co_pwrite_sync, bdrv_co_pwrite_zeroes
    • Adjust code in block/io.c and introduce generated_co_wrapper
  3. Use generated_co_wrapper for block-backend.c too, removing the need for declarations in block/coroutines.h [Alberto]
  4. Probably more will be found with custom matching tools (see below)

Converting callbacks to coroutines

Conversion of GLOBAL_STATE_CODE() callbacks to coroutines depends on removal of the AioContext lock:

  • from coroutine context, IO_OR_GS_CODE() functions such as "drain_begin" have to be called with the AioContext lock taken
  • to call them with the lock taken, the code has to run in the BDS's home iothread...
  • ... and that is not possible for GLOBAL_STATE_CODE() functions unless the BDS home iothread is the main thread (which cannot be guaranteed)

IO_CODE() callbacks can be converted to coroutines. Even for functions may be GLOBAL_STATE_CODE(), the underlying callbacks can be an IO_CODE() coroutine_fn. For example:

  • bdrv_inactivate, which does I/O, can be converted to a coroutine_fn callback. It is only implemented by qcow2, so it can be called from bdrv_close instead of qcow2_close. The call in bdrv_inactivate_recurse would go through a generated_co_wrapper in block/coroutines.h, e.g. bdrv_do_inactivate_one.
  • It should be possible to convert the bdrv_snapshot_goto callback too. Likewise, bdrv_snapshot_goto would call a generated_co_wrapper, e.g. bdrv_do_snapshot_goto.


  1. Add coroutine_mixed_fn annotation; functions that call qemu_in_coroutine(). Leaves are:
    • all generated_co_wrapper functions
    • bdrv_create
    • bdrv_can_store_new_dirty_bitmap, bdrv_remove_persistent_dirty_bitmap
    • bdrv_drain_all_begin, bdrv_do_drained_begin, bdrv_do_drained_end
    • qio_channel_readv_full_all_eof, qio_channel_writev_full
    • qcow2_open, qcow2_has_zero_init
    • bdrv_qed_open
    • qmp_dispatch
    • nvme_get_free_req
    • schedule_next_request
  2. Detect call from non-coroutine_fn/coroutine_mixed_fn to coroutine_fn (libclang/clang-tidy)
  3. Detect call from coroutine_fn to generated_co_wrapper (libclang/clang-tidy)
    • Use _co_ version instead.
    • Possibly add fixit to rewrite
  4. Detect call from non-coroutine_fn to coroutine_mixed_fn (libclang/clang-tidy)
    • Change caller to coroutine_mixed_fn too
    • If there is none, coroutine_mixed_fn can be changed to coroutine_fn

Clang-query examples

Invoking clang-query:

  1. Change definition of coroutine_fn to #define coroutine_fn __attribute__((annotate("coroutine")))
  2. Invoke clang-query -p build-path block/io.c

Example of clang-query uses:

match functionDecl(allOf(unless(hasAttr("attr::Annotate")),hasDescendant(callExpr(callee(hasAttr("attr::Annotate"))).bind("callee"))))
call from non-coroutine_fn to coroutine_fn (doesn't actually check the string in the annotate attribute)
match varDecl(hasType(namedDecl(hasName("BlockDriver"))), hasInitializer(anything()))
declaration of BlockDriver struct, with initializer
match functionDecl(isExpansionInMainFile(), forEachDescendant(callExpr(callee(unless(functionDecl()))).bind("call"))).bind("root")'
indirect call

Clang references